Common Causes of TMJ Disorder

Common Causes of TMJ Disorder

A TMJ (temporomandibular joint) is the connecting hinge of the jaw to the skull. It attaches the jaw to your temporal bones. This joint enables you to move your jaw side to side or up and down. It helps you yawn, talk, and chew. If you want to know the common causes of TMJ disorder, here are the details.

The common causes

Many dental professionals do not know the causes of TMJ disorder. Problems with specific parts of the joint or jaw muscles may give rise to it. Any heavy injury to the neck, jaw, or head can lead to this disorder. This includes sinus infection and insertion tubes during an injury. Stretching the jaw during a dental procedure or trauma to the jaw can also cause this disorder.

One of the most common causes is jaw arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or psoriatic arthritis can affect the joint. Jaw clenching and teeth grinding can put tremendous pressure on the joint. This often happens in the evening. Other repetitive jaw motions can also cause jaw pain. Activities include fingernail biting and gum chewing.

Structural problems in the jaw, like the misalignment of the teeth, can affect a person’s bite. The person could inherit these structural problems. Diseases of the connective tissue could affect the way the jaw moves as well. Some medications can trigger TMJ pain. Stress, anxiety, and depression can cause the tightening of the jaw muscles. This results in pain.

The causes of flare-ups

Sometimes, the symptoms of TMJ disorder can happen because of several factors. Patients who experience hormonal fluctuations have swelling and pain in the jaw. Women with progesterone and estrogen changes can experience this. Stress is a powerful cause of this jaw disorder. A stressful event can increase the tension in the head, neck, and shoulders. The pain can spread to the TMJ and lead to inadequate sleep.

Unhealthy eating habits can trigger this disorder. Consuming hard and chewy foods brings huge pressure and fatigue to the jaw joints and muscles. Chewing gum and taking big bites can contribute to jaw pain. Poor posture contributes to the misalignment of the jaw and spine. This leads to a protruding lower jaw. A protruding lower jaw makes biting, chewing, and speaking more difficult.

Insufficient intake of water leads to inadequate lubrication of the organ systems and joints. This leads to TMJ pain during speaking, biting, and chewing. People who do not drink enough water experience inflammation and pain in the muscles and joints. This includes the jaw area. Avoiding pain in any joint is important. This is crucial in ensuring the smooth flow of activities.

This disorder can develop for any reason. Different events can trigger this type of pain. Understanding the flare-up causes can help patients take the proper measures to prevent inflammation and pain. This can lead to a better quality of life.

Knowing the causes of TMJ pain can help prevent the worsening of symptoms

Pain in the jaw muscles and joints can be debilitating. It can cause you to lose the enjoyment in speaking, drinking, and eating. TMJ disorder can also lead to a low self-image. Talking to your dentist can help determine the main cause of your jaw pain and the treatment for it.

Are you considering treating a TMJ disorder in the Peoria area? Get more information at

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