Functional Cosmetic Dentistry Includes a Full Mouth Reconstruction

Functional Cosmetic Dentistry Includes a Full Mouth Reconstruction

Some people may think that a full mouth reconstruction is only for those who want to improve their smile aesthetically. However, cosmetic dentistry also involves a functional component. For example, a patient’s bite may be off, teeth may be missing, or there may be evidence of a temporomandibular joint disorder. When deciding what cosmetic procedures a patient needs, function must be a focus as well as restorative and aesthetic goals.

Full mouth reconstruction procedures

A full mouth reconstruction consists of multiple cosmetic and restorative procedures. Based on the patient’s needs and goals, the dentist determines a care plan that may include a combination of the following methods.

Dental implants

Missing teeth can interfere with function in various ways. They can affect chewing ability and bite placement, and, over time, the jawbone begins to lose density.  A dental implant is a popular replacement option because it provides a stable foundation as well as acts and looks like a natural tooth.

The implant procedure requires multiple steps, and final completion takes months. Over the course of the treatment, the dentist inserts titanium rods into the jawbone and attaches a crown, which is a tooth-shaped cap, on top.

Dental bridge

A dental bridge is another option to replace missing teeth. Functionally, a bridge prevents imbalances of the bite and the shifting of surrounding teeth. A bridge may be chosen instead of an implant due to budget reasons or because the jaw does not have enough density for an implant’s insertion.


Crooked teeth not only decrease someone’s confidence, but they can also interfere with proper oral function over time. There are various options to straighten teeth. Depending on the severity of the problem, the age of the patient, and the aesthetic goals of the individual, options include traditional metal braces and clear aligners.

Dental crowns

A crown may be needed to replace an infected tooth. A root canal may first be necessary to repair and save it. A crown is placed over the area, and this provides functional help for a broken tooth as well as cosmetic improvements for a misshaped or discolored tooth.

Tooth-colored fillings

Some people may want to improve their smile, but if they have cavities these must be treated first. For cosmetic goals, there are fillings that match the color of the teeth, making them difficult for others to see.

TMD treatment

Although TMD is not officially a cosmetic problem, it is a functional one. Before any full mouth reconstruction procedure may begin, the dentist may recommend TMD treatment to restore proper function of the temporomandibular joint of the jaw and provide a structural foundation for other cosmetic procedures. Treatments often include using a mouth guard worn at night.


When deciding on a full mouth reconstruction, a patient may have more than just cosmetic concerns. A loss of oral function can cause numerous problems, and a dentist must address this first. Fortunately, there are many cosmetic procedures that not only improve the look of one’s smile but also restore function to the mouth, bite, jaw, and teeth.

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